Using Serde trait objects

The usual Serde Serialize and Serializer traits cannot be used as trait objects like &Serialize or boxed trait objects like Box<Serialize> because of Rust's "object safety" rules. In particular, both traits contain generic methods which cannot be made into a trait object.

The erased-serde crate provides versions of the Serialize and Serializer traits that are object-safe and can be used as &Serialize/&Serializer and Box<Serialize>/Box<Serializer>.

The traits in erased-serde can be used seamlessly with any existing Serde Serialize type and any existing Serde Serializer format.

extern crate erased_serde;
extern crate serde_json;
extern crate serde_cbor;

use std::collections::BTreeMap as Map;
use std::io::stdout;

use erased_serde::{Serialize, Serializer};

fn main() {
    // The values in this map are boxed trait objects. Ordinarily this would not
    // be possible with serde::Serializer because of object safety, but type
    // erasure makes it possible with erased_serde::Serializer.
    let mut formats: Map<&str, Box<Serializer>> = Map::new();
    formats.insert("json", Box::new(serde_json::ser::Serializer::new(stdout())));
    formats.insert("cbor", Box::new(serde_cbor::ser::Serializer::new(stdout())));

    // These are boxed trait objects as well. Same thing here - type erasure
    // makes this possible.
    let mut values: Map<&str, Box<Serialize>> = Map::new();
    values.insert("vec", Box::new(vec!["a", "b"]));
    values.insert("int", Box::new(65536));

    // Pick a Serializer out of the formats map.
    let format = formats.get_mut("json").unwrap();

    // Pick a Serialize out of the values map.
    let value = values.get("vec").unwrap();

    // This line prints `["a","b"]` to stdout.